In general, licences may not be transferred or traded, but exceptions exist depending on the type of licence. In the area of broadcasting, several major companies, such as Nippon Television Network Corporation and Fuji Television Network Inc., provide television programmes through terrestrial-based television broadcasting. Information about telecom regulations, amendments to regulations and directions is given. See also questions 1.2 and 2.6. The revised guidelines also state that telecommunications operators should let users know, in the terms and conditions of service, of the possibility of packet-shaping and how and when it would occur. The annual sales generated by the broadcasting sector, which includes, among others, audio-visual media distribution through broadcasting, was approximately ¥3,458 billion for FY 2015. Under the Action Plan, operators of material infrastructure are required to establish safety standards to protect material infrastructure, strengthen information-sharing systems, strengthen incident response systems, promote risk management measures, and strengthen infrastructure security measures. As noted above, the TBL applies only to telecommunications, and the Broadcast Law applies only to broadcasting. However, telecoms carriers may provide the requested information without the required consent if, among others, national or municipal governments or authorities need the information for the due performance of their duties pursuant to applicable laws, and prior consent will harm that due performance. The TBL further requires other authorisations, which will be explained in question 2.6; this question will also explain authorisations regarding broadcasting. 4.1       Describe the legal framework for cybersecurity. Lawsuit to seek revocation (w/n six mos). It adopted the WTO Basic Telecommunications Agreement in 1997 and the telecoms reference paper. The report recognised that fake news delivered online is an issue which requires further examination. This article is a list of the legal regulatory bodies that govern telecommunications systems in different countries. Utilisation or operation of radio wave facilities operated by non-licensed party. Under the Radio Wave Law, any person or entity planning to establish a radio station is required to obtain a licence from MIC, except for cases involving certain specialised radio stations. Under the Broadcast Law, the following entities or parties are basically not eligible to hold a broadcaster licence: (a) a person whose nationality is not Japanese; (b) a foreign government or its representative; (c) a foreign entity; and (d) a company or entity in which any of the aforementioned entities or persons is the executive director, or holds one-fifth or more of the voting rights. In the case of notice and registration for a telecoms carrier, there is no stated licence duration. Unlike other jurisdictions, which allot frequency spectrums through an auction system, the use of radio frequency spectrum in Japan is allocated at the discretion of MIC after consultation with the Radio Regulatory Council and consideration of the plans submitted by the operators. Further, JAIPA has issued guidelines regarding requests for the deletion of information with respect to infringement. In 2018, MIC established a study group on network neutrality. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 TELECOM REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF INDIA 3 Establishment and incorporation of Authority (1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification appoint, there shall be established, for the purposes of this Act, an Authority to be called the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. Unlike other countries, Japan has traditionally treated the telecommunications sector as two distinct categories from a regulatory point of view: telecommunications (tsushin); and broadcasting (housou). Under the TBL, there are no restrictions on direct or indirect foreign ownership; however, under the NTT Law, direct or indirect foreign ownership of one-third or more of NTT is prohibited. fixed-line telephony, fixed broadband access, mobile voice telephony, Does this cover: (i) traditional telephone calls; (ii) VoIP calls; (iii) emails; and (iv) any other forms of communications? Bank Holding Companies (PDF • Excel) 4. Credit Associations (Shinkin Banks) (PDF • Excel) 5. Regional Banks & Regional Banks II (PDF • Excel) 3. It is difficult to classify the authorisations into general authorisations and individual authorisations. 2.12    Looking at fixed, mobile and other services, are charges for interconnection (e.g. All about Telecom Regulatory Authority. As the confidentiality of telecommunications is protected under the TBL, retention of telecommunications data is generally prohibited. The study group published the Interim Report in April 2019. 1.3       List the government ministries, regulators, other agencies and major industry self-regulatory bodies which have a role in the regulation of the: (a) telecoms, including internet; and (b) audio-visual media distribution sectors in your jurisdiction. 2.7       In relation to individual authorisations, please identify their subject matter, duration and ability to be transferred or traded. 4.4       How does the state intercept communications for a particular individual? ■ Law concerning Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) (“NTT Law”) and others Telecommunication Business Law (“TBL”). and Networks, "Japan Practice Areas > The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) is the primary telecoms regulatory body in China. The Radio Wave Law gives MIC the authority to allocate frequency spectrum to private telecommunications operators for the establishment of radio transmission stations. Terrestrial-based television broadcasting businesses that provide traditional distribution platforms are regulated mainly by the Broadcast Law. In December 2011, this panel released a report supporting an auction system for 4G mobile telecommunications. Further, under the Revised TBL, in order to protect consumer interest, providers are required to deliver written material to consumers who enter into agreements with those providers regarding the services designated by MIC. One of the basic principles, if not the most important principle, of the TBL is the secrecy of communications. 5.3       Describe the different types of licences for the distribution of audio-visual media and their key obligations. ‘mere conduit’ or ‘common carrier’) available to protect telecommunications operators and/or internet service providers from liability for content carried over their networks? to provide information, inform customers, disconnect customers) to assist content owners whose rights may be infringed by means of file-sharing or other activities? Telecoms carriers installing Designated Facilities are required to disclose their accounting documents (e.g., balance sheets and profit and loss statements) to the public (Article 30-6 of the TBL). in the world. However, there are guidelines in certain sectors such as the public, financial and healthcare sectors. Providers of Universal Services or those having Designated Facilities are required to submit their tariffs to MIC and to provide their services in accordance with such tariffs. Further, annual fees for usage of frequency spectrum vary from less than ¥1,000 to over ¥100,000,000, depending on the type of radio station (such as mobiles, satellites or others), the power of the radio station emission and the area of the radio station. National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA) Vice-Chairman Abderrazak BACHIR BOUIADJRA Alg eria: Algeria Telecom Vice-Chairman Laialy ALMANSOURY: Kuwait: Comminication and Information Technology Regulatory Authority (CITRA) Vice-Chairman Gökhan EVREN Turkey Ministry of Transport and Infrstructure: Vice-Chairman Eric Anicet MBATHAS 2.3       Who are the regulatory and competition law authorities in your jurisdiction? Further, operators providing services using Designated Facilities are required to publicly disclose the tariffs which set forth interconnection charges. Under the TBL, the separation of accounting, functional and legal duties is not explicitly required, but the following requirements do exist: In addition, NTT East and NTT West may not operate telecoms businesses across certain prefectural boundaries, such as long-distance telecoms business, pursuant to the NTT Law. The Telecom Commercial Communications Customer Preference Portal by Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is a data base containing a variety of information prescribed in the Telecom Commercial Communications Customer Preference Regulations, 2010. If the authorities seek call interception, they are required to follow the procedures set forth in the Criminal Procedure Law and other relevant laws. ownership has led to a plethora of broadcasters. The fixed broadband market is supported largely by two technology unique culture and market size. 2.2       How is the provision of telecoms (or electronic communications) networks and services regulated? A telecoms business provider is required to use the numbers only for the provision of telecoms business, treat users equally, and identify the type or content of telecoms services by the number under the Number Regulation. Providers of telecoms businesses, including fixed and mobile services that are either registered with, or have submitted notification to, MIC under the TBL are not required to submit a tariff or price chart unless they provide Universal Services (see question 2.6) or have Designated Facilities (see question 2.10). Are there restrictions on change of control of the licensee? Further, any person who interferes with the operation of a “material” radio station may be subject to imprisonment of up to five years or penalty of up to ¥2,500,000. Further, consolidation between telecoms carriers is regulated under the Anti-monopoly Law. This trend is predicted to continue over the next five years to 2023. Like other telecoms carriers holding Designated Facilities, NTT group companies are required to submit to MIC, and generally, as in the case of a carrier installing Designated Facilities, they must also obtain MIC’s approval regarding the terms and conditions (including tariffs) of interconnection with other carriers, interconnect their telecoms facilities in accordance with such terms and conditions, and provide services to other carriers equally (see question 2.15). MIC may, under certain circumstances under the TBL, change the charges under items (a) and (b) above (see question 2.15). 6.1 Overview of the national telecom network, For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/x5e7kv, ResearchAndMarkets.comLaura Wood, Senior Press Managerpress@researchandmarkets.comFor If ISPs do not respond to such requests, they may lose their immunity (see question 6.1). Furthermore, it obligates operators of material infrastructure, which include telecommunication service providers, to exert efforts to voluntarily and proactively enhance cybersecurity, and to cooperate with the national and local governments to promote measures to enhance cybersecurity. MIC’s review of the application will include consideration of the existence of an adequate financial basis to operate the planned business and conformity with the standards provided in the relevant MIC ministerial ordinance. Lodging opposition (only for a party who was notified by a notice posted on the notice board of a hearing and did not appear). In contrast, broadcasting (housou) content is regulated in accordance with public welfare. 1-800-526-8630For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900Related 5.2       Is content regulation (including advertising, as well as editorial) different for content broadcast via traditional distribution platforms as opposed to content delivered over the internet or other platforms? switched services) and/or network access (e.g. Note that MIC will allocate available radio frequency (see “Frequency Plan” described in question 3.2); thus, approval of a radio station licence will be subject to such planning and, in the case of the radio station providing broadcasting services, broadcast content and broadcast area requirements. The Danish Business Authority is the telecommunications regulator. Under the TBL, the NTT group companies’ facilities are categorised as Designated Facilities. A party whose right is infringed by information on the internet may ask ISPs to disclose the name, address and other information of the infringing party if (i) the infringement is apparent, and (ii) pursuant to relevant law, the infringed party has a good reason for such disclosure. MIC released a report regarding network neutrality in September 2007 (“Net Neutrality Report”). Telecoms carriers are generally not required to provide encryption keys to the state. Nihon Housou Kyoukai, which is unique in its status as a national public broadcasting entity, is also one of the major providers of television programmes. KDDI and Softbank Mobile. This page is a Pharmaceutical Regulations in Japan page of JPMA. Any telecoms carrier which provides international telecoms services is required to obtain prior authorisation from MIC before making any arrangements with a foreign government, entity or individual with respect to any telecoms business. However, in December 2019, in accordance with the Interim Report, JAIPA, TCA, TELESA, IPoE Council and JCTA revised their guidelines on packet-shaping (the original guidelines were published in May 2008 pursuant to the Net Neutrality Report). Telecoms, Media & Internet > ISPs may have immunity against certain liabilities unless certain conditions set forth under the relevant law are met. In the case of a radio station licence, the duration is five years, with certain exceptions. Guidance and Legislation - Telecommunications Legislation in Transitional and Developing Economies (pdf) 2. MIC is the governmental body that has the regulatory authority under the TBL and other relevant laws to grant any permission, licence or approval that is required for any telecoms activity. With a few exceptions, any telecoms carrier installing telecoms facilities for use by its telecoms business (certain telecoms facilities as stipulated in Article 41 of the TBL) must submit notices to MIC regarding its compliance with technical and administration rules and the appointment of a chief telecommunications engineer. Under a TBL ordinance, services for public calls, home telephone calls, and urgent calls to police or fire stations are included in Universal Services. 3.6       Are spectrum licences able to be assigned, traded or sub-licensed and, if so, on what conditions? (“NTT”), especially NTT East Corporation (“NTT East”), NTT West Corporation (“NTT West”) and NTT Docomo Corporation (“NTT Docomo”), KDDI Corporation and Softbank Corp.  Further, Rakuten Mobile Inc., which received radio frequency for 5G from MIC, entered the mobile telecommunication sector in 2019. In particular, MIC discussed whether heavy users should be required to pay additional charges based on their packet usage, and whether distributors of rich content should be required to pay ISPs for additional charges. established to achieve simplification and rationalization of administrative work for license application and to alleviate the burden borne by license applicants Any person who operates a radio station without a necessary licence and is not exempt from the licensing requirement may be subject to imprisonment of up to one year or a penalty of up to ¥1,000,000. ; and (ii) are they open to foreign investment including in relation to the supply of telecoms equipment? Further, those standards provide for the general principles in making television programmes. Fixed line growth in Japan have been stagnant over the past five years. In March 2011, MIC established a “Panel regarding Spectrum Auction” to consider the implementation of a spectrum auction system. The site includes general information on BRTI, events, press releases, news, and current policies. For example, broadcasters, including (a) terrestrial-based television broadcasters, (b) satellite-based television broadcasters, and (c) cable TV broadcasters, must not harm public peace and must take a neutral political position (Article 4). 2.17    How are telephone numbers and network identifying codes allocated and by whom? 3.3       Can the use of spectrum be made licence-exempt? The TBL’s principal aim is to secure consumer benefit by ensuring fair provision of services, especially with respect to fundamental public services. 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